Writer: Prangthong Jitcharoenkul, Junior Communication Officer, GIZ Thailand’s Agriculture and Food Cluster
Thai government with support of Germany will introduce climate friendly practices to at least 100,000 farmers in Central Thailand to cut emission of greenhouse gas in agriculture sector.
The switch to low carbon cultivation is expected to decrease emissions by more than 26 per cent in five years coordinated by Thai Rice Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions or in short Thai Rice NAMA project.
“We believe that our efforts will result in a better image of the country’s agricultural goods as a whole,” Doojduan Sasanavin, Deputy Permanent Secretary of the Minister of Agriculture and Cooperatives told a press conference in Bangkok last Friday.
“The [Thai Rice NAMA] project will strengthen rice production in Thailand that takes environment into account,” she added.
Thai Rice NAMA project, approved in July last year, will continue to 2023 with 530 million baht (or 14.9 million euros) of the financial supports from the NAMA Facility, a multi-donor fund that supports developing countries to implement green projects.
In Thailand, the Rice Department and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, the German federal enterprise supporting sustainable development worldwide, are taking a lead in decreasing climate crisis in agricultural sector.
The low greenhouse gas emission farming to be introduced to farmers in six central provinces of Thailand will be in accordance with the world’s first sustainability standard for rice initiated by the Sustainable Rice Platform (SRP). They include Chainat, Angthong, Pathum Thani, Sing Buri, Ayutthaya and Suphanburi.
Under the project, Ms. Doojduan said farmers will gradually pick up the low-carbon farming techniques such as the laser land leveling, alternate wetting and drying, site specific nutrient management and straw and stubble management.
While most of the technologies are relatively low-cost and simple, the state-owned Bank for Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives has decided to extend no-interest loans to the local farmers who want to make the soil surface in the paddy field flat by using the laser-guided tractor, which currently costs around 450,000 baht (or 12,600 euros).
When the surface of the farm land is flat, farmers can save up to 50 percent of water.
According to Matthias Bickel, GIZ Thailand’s director for the agriculture and food cluster and chairperson of the Sustainable Rice Platform (SRP) board of directors, Thailand is the first country in the world that has adopted the SRP standard.
Mr. Bickel also emphasized the role of rice exporters and close cooperation between the public and private sectors in supporting the sustainable rice in international markets.
About 80 participants who attended the press conference include Margaret Tongue, charge d’affaires of the British embassy and Claudia Ebach, Counsellor for Food and Agriculture of the German embassy and representatives from Bank for Agriculture and Agricultural Cooperatives, the Rice Department, the Royal Irrigation Department, the Cooperative Promotion Department, the Office of Agricultural Economics and the Department of Agricultural Extension.